Saturday, 2 June 2012

A Unique Opportunity - PurWater Project

Bring Safe Water to Katungu Hills? Yes, a safe drinking water project by the Mzungu Volunteers family, with over 500+ households in the Katungu village to benefit. Explore this new exciting project coming from the ideas of the villagers themselves to reality with the help of the volunteers and Mzungu!

Katungu is an amazing village full of beautiful Ugandans who will welcome you as family, living about 800mtrs high in the hills overlooking Kabale and Lake Bunyonyi. Daily life here is especially difficult though as there is no fresh water source nearby, hospital and school. As in life with the families, mothers go for farming in the mornings, fathers go for cattle rearing and the children are left to fetch the water, to get water every child must travel a great distance down and up the steep terrain to bring water to their household.

Developing the Plan
Mzungu has in the past few months been setting a development plan which would help improve the lives of the people living in this village. Our plans begun with a safe water project, We've made surveys whether there to bring a borehole into the village for which would cost us a fortune, So we met with the villagers themselves who suggested we use the river down the hills to bring water to the village.

Our next plan was how this could possibly work, our project coordinator Mathew had discussions with the people and they came up with an idea that if we could construct a 5000ML water tank on the village along with a Water pump on the river that could pump water directly into the tank, could supply upto 6-7days to the whole village.

Project Impact!
In fact, over 300 families live on this village, fora family of five members use 2-Jerrycans (20 ltrs each) of water per day. This water project will be made sustainable by training a person in the village to control and operate the pump for continued supply of water in the village.

Mzungu will provide continued support, after ensuring smooth supply, we will hand over the project to the village.  Our other projects include providing education for all and creating sustainable livelihood opportunities for rural villages across Uganda.


Volunteer Opportunity
Finally a volunteer project has been designed this is the PHASE-1 , this September (02nd - 27th) we are leaving for Kabale, to contruct a 5000ML water tank, two volunteers joined (Paul and Leonard from England) will be going with us, 15 men from the village are waiting already and still there's space for you to join us.

How to Apply;
To apply go on the link provided below, fill in your details and under “ Projects you would like to be involved in” tick Others and fill in the project name/title in the box following.

Under the package options you can either choose the 4-weeks combo (for the Pur-Water) project and you can either choose a volunteering only combo or an adventure combo. It’s your Choice! We will take to you the heights that you choose, remember this is Mzungu Volunteers!

APPLY NOW and or E-mail us for questions and or visit to read more information from our info-pack available on the website.

Thank you for supporting Mzungu Volunteers
from Kennedy and the TEAM!

Wednesday, 11 January 2012

THE 2011 YEAR IN PAPERS - The Greatest Giving Season Ever

So, another season’s over and it’s time to share what we've seen and experienced. Whether it’s been a glorious success, dire disaster or, as is more often the case, something in between, everyone always has an important goal to accomplish each year.

The things that happen
It’s seldom difficult to think of things to say when things have gone well but a poor year or a season of dreadful results,  can make it difficult not to sound hideously defeatist or depressed! Whatever sort of year everyone have just had, i'm so sure this year greater things will happen :)

Here at Mzungu Volunteers we can't say how much thankful we are for how interesting 2011 it’s been! When I stood here twelve months ago, I would never have thought that we’d reach this far. We’ve had a phenomenal season but we’ve also had a few anxious moments too – notably when our end of year safari ended with a few (not so serious) injuries to the heart and body but things happen and we all are still alive!

Review of the 2011 year!
Because of you, this giving season, we’ve been able to spend and donate USD$50,000 in funds and in-kind on improving the lives of a thousand people around Uganda. We want to take pause to say thank you as a team, Mzungu Volunteers has grown and was able to host over 185 volunteers and increased support this past year and we couldn't have done it without your support.

From the volunteer experiences earlier in the year, Mzungu developed a new focus which pointed to education and Sustainable developmen. Our recent re-launch that includes extreme and amazing excursions to Uganda’s most highlighted adventure destinations encourages people to travel in a responsible way. This enables the volunteer to have fun and be part of the Ugandan community and make a difference to others. 

Projects developed and exist to date

- In Kampala the CHILDCARE PROJECT, cares for 11 orphaned children aged 5yrs to 13yrs.
This project was established in late May 2011 and is located in the compound of a community run school with 150 pupils. Volunteers help teach and and take care of these children. In the evenings local's appear at the orphanage to play together.  This then brings more fun to everyone and help's strengthen the community. Volunteers have a greater experience where they get to talk to the youngsters directly and learn their stories and share feelings.

- In Jinja we have the  EDUCATION CENTER, this  is a project existing with challenges where we are working to upgrade the study environment because the current are wooden buildings but still this is a great experience, volunteers live just like the villagers. They experience a real village life experience , teach English, Life skills and other subjects to the kids

from the community. About 30 - 50kids from 5yrs to 15yrs come to the center. Volunteers also have the opportunity to work with the villagers in their farming activities like  planting and harvesting of corn, potatoes, cassava and beans so they can learn how farming works here in Uganda. Jinja is known for producing most of the food used in Kampala and other cities around Kampala.

- In Kabale we have the COMMUNITY PROJECT, defining the word community is working with the locals on core projects that involve alot of hard work and time. This community is about 7 hills up as Kabale is known for it’s amazing hills and views,  volunteers must be willing and ready to take up the hike when going there . This project is very special and its people too! You see many things and experience an extremely challenging lifestyle. Volunteers work on construction projects and renovation of existing homes that can last for longer period, there are many projects here proposed that’s why we need volunteers to raise separate funds that are used to buy materials to do the work and materials are purchased with the volunteers to ensure that their funds are being used in the rightful way.

Looking Towards 2012!........
Our development and work demonstrated a charity to count on by the communities and local government in the rural villages of Uganda– particularly as their confidence grew – and by the end of the season, it began to look as if we have been in Uganda all our lives.

Although we have done fantastically well it’s important to remember that we’ve learnt some valuable lessons. One of the great things about working with us is that there’s always room for improvement, we can all work on doing something just a little better. When everyone does that, the results can be amazing – and if there’s one thing I know about each and every one of you, it’s that there isn’t anyone who wouldn’t give all their time and energy for Mzungu Volunteers.
Thank you and our conclusion
I couldn’t possibly end without saying “thank you” to all our volunteers and to the team who make such a great job to keep us helping the people of Uganda! We really do appreciate all that you do for us – and we couldn’t do without you. I also want to say “thanks” to all of the people of Luteete, Lwanda, Katungu and other villages for turning up and working together with our volunteers.

There’s an old saying that “Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common vision. The ability to direct individual accomplishments toward organizational objectives. It is the fuel that allows common people to attain uncommon results.” – and it’s an honour and a privilege to be working with people of with the same spirit.

From the President, Kennedy
Edited by Carole Turner , Volunteer Manager
and the Mzungu Team. Uganda

Friday, 16 December 2011

Sharing our home - Connecting with the children of Luteete

I look around me and see their faces when they walk over every day, coming right at my door, from the neighborhood or the orphanage. It creates a strong feeling in me. In the last 3 years since I have been involved in helping children, I have never had enough time to spend with them. Although I have helped more than 50,000 kids in Uganda since 2008 with the support from local communities and volunteers from around the world, I have never had enough time to play and enjoy the company of the children. This wasn’t because I didn’t want to spend time with them. I mean I loved them and cared for them but switching time between my work and with them was kind of hard. 

Only a new home changed my whole life……
When I came to this new house in Luteete Kampala in 2010 something happened that changed all of this. A few kids from the neighborhood started appearing day by day to play, enjoying evenings together after their classes, and during the day. I wasn’t used to being around them but I got this feeling something was about change.

And this year everything did change. From the time I found the 11 orphans from a life of no-care to provide a life of the little possibilities I could afford for them, I felt like I was a father already J even though I have had no one else to call family. 

But of course I have a wonderful family made of volunteers who come and be part my story and the project. Having the kids in a home that is under my responsibility, I have had to learn how to act like a father, which has given me more to exposure to the kids so that I could get to know them and earn their smiles! I have learned from them, stood beside them, attracted them to our home as a safe place to learn and play and have been drawn to the almost 15 -20 kids who appear at the volunteer house everyday to spend more time with me.

Luteete, where it all changed…..
Hmm when you talk of this village, I will call as I see it. Luteete is locally known “Kumunana” and no one will believe you when you tell them about this village, because even though it is in Kampala and only 8 miles from the City Centre, this village is a peaceful place, green in nature and has its proud farmers with lots of fruits (Jack fruit, bananas, pineapples and more!).

 The people who never stop saying “hello” with big welcoming smiles and waving hands, even though they’ve only just met you or simply see you walking by their homes.

These kids need others…..
Behind every beautiful smile there is a sad one behind them. I’ve talked and visited many families who are struggling every day. The parents are desperately looking for work as their children are chased out of school all the time. 
Regardless of this, the children all want to learn and enjoy learning with others.  There is plenty of space around the volunteer house which is good because the classes take place at the orphanage at Mt. Zion School, only 8 mins walk away. So outside of school, they all can come here together to learn.
 All they want to do together is read, play, sing, dance and draw….. what more can we expect?

One home only can make their wish come true….

In the last months I tried to write about the need of renovating the orphanage where the 11 kids and those from the neighbourhood will spend their time playing, jumping and learning all together. 
Although there has not been enough response, the orphanage is crucial for not only the children but the whole village. 
Nothing that has made the whole village, communities and local government more proud of Mzungu Volunteers than having such a welcoming and friendly environment for the kids. We always need you and a little support to re-build their place.

Thank you very much,
Inspiration by the president.
And the Mzungu Team in Uganda.

Saturday, 10 December 2011

Every Mile we travel - Has its own Experience!

I love to travel because its a way of change, a life that could turn your life to think, feel different and find ways to overcome the challenges and situations you are facing to be able to create a better environment for the people around us and ourselves.

The page i've been reading since 2008.....

From the saying "The World is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page" by Saint Augustine.  In my sense i think every country of this world owns a page in this book. I have only and still am reading one page in the whole book which is "UGANDA"

Many people started traveling since the early ages when some of us were or weren't even born and when i speak frankly most of us want to travel every corner of this world to get to know and explore the beauty that lies behind it. Now going back to "The World is a Book" saying, when we are reading a book we often read every single line carefully to completely understand the contents written and we want to always feel it with all our hearts during the reading, am i right?

My Page and its Experience.........
Talking about the page i've been reading since 2008. I have come to know that in every mile we walk or travel to from our present location has it own experience, the way i have experienced this is by actually making myself part of every community i come across. When we are traveling it is sometimes good to forget what you are and focus on things that are just around you at that moment, feel yourself in the same category just like the people around you. 

Over the past four years I have visited many towns, villages and amazing places of Uganda, all of which have different life experiences. Having first-hand experience of these villages and towns that are not even half of my page, i have been able to know what everyone's lifestyle means to their society and family.

Choosing how to travel......

There are often many ways to travel and get to read some of the world's pages that inspire and we dream about, you could go as a tourist and get to see the places,landscapes and Wildlife and have the experience. Or you could choose to go on a voluntourist trip and get to live beside the locals within these landscapes and villages where you get the opportunity to experience the real life they live everyday and of course their culture!.

Why many Choose to be Voluntourists?

In my opinion choosing to travel as a voluntourist is one great experience every traveler should experience. All of us have the passion to act in a humanitarian capacity at least once in our lives; many of us feel the noble urge to give back to society, especially if life has given so much to you already. People decide to volunteer and give back for many different reasons; there are those who do it for personal reasons, while there are also those who do it just to get ahead in life.

Many people believe that volunteering is just about you giving a hand, while some believe it is a way to get to know other people and share life experinces and these are truly inspired to do humanitarian work, not only at home but also abroad, where their ventures not only change the people they meet but even themselves. Volunteering is about sharing what you have with the world.

This is how i read my page and keep enjoying it....
In my page i only look at the faces that deserve a smile and try to actually bring one on their beautiful faces and i do all this with of course the help of the world, people who always come here to work with me. The ones who feel it is worthy to volunteer and they all become part of my story, if you have the desire.. i can help you create it's reality and read completely the page Uganda, join me now;

My final words...
This will be probably my last post for 2011 as am embarking on a new venture in the next 2-weeks in Jinja and 6-7 days of adventure to Lake Mburo & Murchison Falls N.P with the best white water rafting trip included. So stories will come up after the new years Eve. BE IN TOUCH and WATCH OUT FOR MORE!

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year.
From the President, Kennedy
and the Mzungu Team - Uganda

Friday, 2 December 2011

Much more to Experience - Life in Uganda by a volunteer

Hmmmm!! Uganda. Interesting country so far I have to say. Three weeks have passed since I arrived in Entebbe International Airport, and the first thing I can think of that describes what I have experienced so far in Uganda is ‘mzungu’. Everywhere I go;from small children and even adults sometimes say ‘mzungu’. They usually say it when greeting me and asking ‘How are you?’which apparently is a part of Ugandan hospitality. But now back to the word ‘mzungu’. The word has historic meaning and is only suited for foreign people. 

When I go on the streets, or to and from the orphanage I feel people looking at me because I’m a‘special one’. It makes the day spicier for the local people and pleases me very much, since they now can tell stories to tell to family, friends or maybe even people in the taxis that they’ve met a mzungu!
Of course it’s not everyone who says ‘mzungu’, but I know they think ‘mzungu’ when they see me. It feels like I’m a person everybody knows, and that they all think I’m an AWESOME person!

The word ‘mzungu’ and its meaning is something I’ll never forget it for the rest of my life!
The school is special as well. The differences between the school in Denmark and other western countries compared to the school In Uganda are huge, especially when it comes to financial budgets, and of course materialism which is a big part of western culture. The school doesn’t have fancy chairs; tables etc. but the children still get teached in various subjects such as English, math, religion etc. The children are very humble and respect that I’m here to teach them in various subjects, and not here to tell them my life story and what Denmark is like. 
Though when break begins they want to know all about me, which indeed is funny to talk about. 

What seems normal in the western world is just amazing here, and they’re all so curious, and probably think it’s amazing a ‘mzungu’ is here to teach and talk to them.So far I’ve metthree teachers of the school inclusive the principle Master Luke who has been such a good person to me! He is very kind to me, and wants to do whatever he can to make my journey here in Uganda memorable. Of course he and the two other teachers as well are very curious on what Denmark is like. 

One major thing they want to know about is why Denmark is rich and how it’s possible for a small country like Denmark (5.55 million citizens) to do so well on a global scale. Every time they ask I feel their jealousness (jalousi) when I give them the answer because in Denmark everything has to go fast like any other capitalistic based economy. 
Meanwhile in Uganda everything goes pretty slow. Many people have their own shops where they only sell few things, like charcoal, vegetables etc. In Uganda most people grow their own crops because it’s way cheaper than buying the food in the supermarket.Then they might sell some of their vegetables or fruit to people who don’t grow that vegetable or fruit and then earn some money.

                                                                                      Now back to the school which also is an orphanage where approximately 11 children live. When I’m not teaching the children at the orphanage call me ‘mzungu’. What a surprise, right? It feels like they like me more and more for every day that passes. They can’t get enough of me, and they all want a piece of me during the day. It’s difficult to satisfy them all but I try to do my best and I think it goes pretty well so far!

Besides my main adventure, I’ll in the end of December go on a safari with other volunteers who are working for Mzungu volunteers. The safari begins the 23th and ends the 30th. During the days we will experience the wilderness of Uganda, rafting on the Nile River and many other things which all sounds like to be things I’ll remember for a long long time! Besides all the wilderness experiences, other experiences may come as well because mzungu volunteers is probably not the only group representing the different places we’re going. According to Kennedy there are plenty of other volunteers and travellers from all over the world on safari when we’re going.

If you want to volunteer then just join Mzungu Volunteers!!!! , surprises on the way for every volunteer.  Experience what i’m experiencing and feel what i feel. There is a life in volunteering as well. This is a little taste of what Uganda has to offer, but I know one thing for sure! – And that is, I have much more to experience here in Uganda, and it’ll happen tomorrow, the upcoming weekend, next week etc. Uganda is a country full of adventures especially for volunteers!


Orphanage, school, safari, future adventure, life at home (Uganda)

Tuesday, 29 November 2011

Why Uganda? - World's Top Travel Destination 2012

Uganda becomes the world's top destination for travel 2012. Why?, take off time to a journey of the most fascinating volunteering experience combined with exploring through the scenic beauty of the beautiful landscapes, wild and vegetation of the country's outskirts. 

Providing amazing journey holidays for one and all, Uganda combines a laidback life design with stunning organic splendor and a pleasant neighborhood population to give a really memorable and unforgettable vacation. Having an impressive prosperity of countrywide parks, which cover a lot more than a quarter of the country's land surface, Uganda gives journey lover's with a thrilling phase; everything from mountain biking to white water rafting, game drive safaris and jungle treks to gorilla tours. For all those who appreciate the ocean in all its glory, Uganda has some of the ideal surf breaks and swells in the world, with extraordinary snorkeling and underwater diving opportunities too.

Why you should go to Uganda?

1. Beautiful scenery and stunningly amazing landscape
Scenic Uganda landscape at Kabale area

In the book My African journey, Sir Winston Churchill describes Uganda as a scarcely describable beautiful garden. You may think that this has changed much since the time Churchill wrote that in 1908. But even today, Uganda still retains its amazing scenic beauty, one that very few other African countries can rival.

Some of the beautiful places we take you to in Uganda include the spectacular Murchison falls, Lake Bunyonyi and its many tiny islands, Lake Mburo, and Queen Elizabeth national park among others. Simply put, Uganda’s majestic rivers, green rolling mountains, and other natural features are the perfect setting for the most exhilarating scenic tours in Africa.

2. Spectacular African wildlife safaris
A tree-climbing lion at Ishasha region in Queen Elizabeth National Park of Uganda
You have probably heard of the tree-climbing lions. But did you know that you can find them in Uganda? The Ishasha plains of the Queen Elizabeth national park is the place to be to witness this.
In fact, you can see all of the big five African animals in Uganda. The Murchison Falls, and Queen Elizabeth national parks are among the best destinations for wildlife safaris in Uganda. They all have four of the big five, rhinos being the exception, plus an array of several other African animals. Like in other Africa destinations, leopards may be harder to spot in the wild because of their elusive and nocturnal nature. There was a time when there were plenty of rhinos all over Uganda. However, the poaching menace, plus civil wars, led to their near extinction in the country. Today, the Ziwa Rhino Sanctaury is the only place you are assured of seeing rhinos in Uganda.

Of course, you cannot compare Uganda to Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, or South Africa when talking about wildlife safaris. But the country does offer a unique experience that you will not find elsewhere. You will find both the cape buffalo and the smaller forest buffalos, the savanna elephants and the smaller forest elephants, and hundreds of other animal species. You can also go on a chimpanzee tracking safari at the Kibale forest national park.

3. Great Opportunities for adventure sports
The Nile, the longest river in Africa and in the world, has its source in Uganda. If you love extreme sports and adventure, the white Nile presents you some of the most exhilarating adventure opportunities. Popular adventure activities in Uganda include kayaking (from class II to class VI), white water rafting, and bungee jumping, all in the white Nile. You can also go sport fishing in Lake Victoria and at the foot of the Murchison Falls.

Owing to its hilly terrain, Uganda also has many excellent hiking and trekking trails, among them Mt. Elgon. You can even go mountain climbing in the snow-capped Ruwenzori mountains. Compared to the more famous Mount Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) and Mt Kenya (Kenya), the mountains of the moon are less crowded with other tourists, yet they are just as challenging.

4. Gorilla trekking and other primates safaris
Mountain Gorilla in Uganda

Have you ever watched the 1998 movie Mighty Joe Young? Or the Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011). Did you find them interesting? Of course, being movies, they have several exaggerations, but they well capture our (human’s) fascination with chimpanzees, gorillas, and other apes, considered our close relatives. What better way could there possibly be to satisfy this fascination, than tracking these primates in their natural habitat.
Gorilla trekking is without doubt the number one tourist attraction in Uganda.

The country is home to one of the world’s largest population of mountain gorillas, the biggest of all apes. Every year, thousands of visitors travel to Uganda just to observe these mighty apes in their true home in the wild. The Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is the most popular gorilla trekking destination in Uganda. Generally though, gorillas are also found in the Virunga mountains forest region, which transverses the Uganda, Rwanda, and Democratic Republic of Congo borders. Besides gorillas, other primates you can see in Uganda include chimpanzees, colobus monkeys, mangabeys, baboons, and many more monkey species.

All in all, its also about giving back to the community?
Volunteering in Uganda is a stimulating and provoking experience. The program enables you to absorb the fascinating Ugandan culture whilst sharing your knowledge and skills with the country. The project will provide an unforgettable eye opening experience for a gap year, vacation, spring break or career break for groups and individual travelers.  You’ll work together with other volunteers, who share the same interests as yourself
 Local people are almost always very friendly as they know that you help their community. You will have the chance to make friends for a lifetime from all around the world. Activities available to you as a volunteer include spending time at a our orphanage taking care of the children, teaching in rural schools, working on building and renovation projects for both schools and safe water, feeding children in a nearby village, and working on farming projects available all year around. You’ll have a lot of work, but it is guaranteed that you are going to have as much fun as well.

We offer 2 - 4 Weeks or even upto 8weeks volunteer packages with inclusive of 6-7days discovery of Uganda adventures , trips going for the best white water rafting on the nile, Lake Mburo, Murchison Falls and Queen Elizabeth National Park all combined into one package, our packages are very affordable and full of fun but remember the most important of it is that you had a hand in making a difference......come to Uganda Gifted by Nature!

Be part of us today;
The Mzungu Team.

Thursday, 27 October 2011

Serving Through Adventure - Mzungu Re-launches

Voluntourism Takes on a New Meaning
When i was first introduced to volunteering as a vacation, I knew I had to experience it for myself. Since then, years ago, volunteering has become a passion. It wasn’t until recently though, that with the help of friends this passion was taken to a new level – through it my friends and I have embarked on an important journey.

Our walks through the country have helped us to see and feel the difficulties and realities of life among villagers. Inspired by our projects and visits to these rural communities, in October, 2011 we have re-launched the program based on a shared common love for adventure and compassion for our volunteers/travelers. We decided to design combined 2 Weeks & 4 Weeks volunteering with expedition’s activities into our projects to empower the people living in these villages and project s will be available up to 8 weeks

Voluntourism and Where it all began
During our previous voluntourism developments in Kampala, Jinja and Kabale. Here many of our volunteers have worked in our schools with the locals in these villages and our Kampala orphanage, where we house 11 kids. With their help we were able to feed, gather donations of school supplies, backpacks and toys to take them through this fiscal year.

Volunteers who went to Jinja and Kabale met kids who don’t know of chocolate or spaghetti, who have never heard a birthday party or even attend a children’s party. They felt tremendous joy in providing supplies to these communities, and were immediately motivated to do more. We continued to spread the word through social networking sites, and invited people to help us with future projects.

Most volunteers came to Uganda to make their contribution to the local community but in the end everyone wants to see the real Uganda while they are here!  This taking us to where "Voluntourism" gives the receiver and the giver satisfaction of their time committed. From an initial group of five who planned the first adventure expedition, the desire began to grow, and the number of the volunteers and travelers that we took on increased. This experience was an eye-opener for our organisation.

Unique Adventures Bring Inspiring Outcomes
During the first expedition, we met different volunteers and people from other communities. We noticed that these all were here because they also shared the passion for adventure and helping like us. We couldn’t imagine that there are volunteers that will travel independently from their placement just for the search of adventure and experience! So we had several drinks and chats over the lines and travelled throughout the trip together. How many people will you meet during an expedition?, there are many.

On another trip, we met young students. Here these students wanted to better understand local cultures; our group followed up with this, had long conversations over different tribes and languages that Uganda has, camp fire in the evening and even a few lessons in typical Ugandan food during the bush camp. This was an experience to have, how much can you learn during an expedition? There are surprises in every one.


In spite of the many people and surprises that we encounter though, we are always reminded that the rewards of our efforts are well worth it. There are simply no words strong enough to describe the joy we receive when we see kids faces lighting up, mothers expressing their gratitude, and teachers affirming the goodness that we’ve done. It also comes as a great bonus to the volunteers that all the places they have visited have been truly amazing.

Serving Through Adventure with Mzungu
Some of our adventures will come with challenges, but they are all guaranteed to be fulfilling and rewarding experiences. The New team and experienced guides now have our eyes set on this, we are ready to take and serve with you through the adventures of discovering Uganda. Information on our website are underway, and we are once again inviting everyone to join us on our adventures.

From Kennedy , President.
and The Mzungu Team.
Carole Turner - Volunteer Coordinator
Kadondi Betty - Country Director
Sserumaga Daniel - Programs Manager